Wisdom tooth is one of the four third molars found in the adult teeth which most people get in their early twenties. They are located at the inside end corners of the dental arch, which makes them misaligned. Although most people have wisdom teeth, sometimes few or all the third molars don’t develop. In most individuals, wisdom teeth are impacted under the gum tissues and are hidden. In other cases, people might have more than four wisdom teeth. Sometimes wisdom teeth grow perpendicular to the 2nd molars, which creates an area where food gets wedged. This causes painful infections and teeth to decay.
Severe pain and discomfort in your wisdom teeth is a symptom that you need to address. Your doctor will first take an x-ray, and then analyse if you need to get them removed. Wisdom teeth are removed to avoid food and plaque deposits that lead to infection.
When is a wisdom tooth removal required?
When wisdom teeth cause problems, or if there are possibilities that they might cause trouble it is better to check with your dentist if your wisdom teeth need to be removed. Some good reasons for wisdom teeth extraction include:
- Alignment: Impacted wisdom teeth cause crowding of other teeth.
- Damage to other teeth: If wisdom teeth grow, they can push your other teeth around, which is painful, and can cause bite problems.
- Jaw damage: If wisdom teeth aren’t treated in time, there are chances that cysts might grow, and they can hollow out your jaw. Wisdom teeth can also damage the nerves in your mouth.
- Inflamed Gums: Tissue around the wisdom teeth swell, and may be difficult to clean.
- Cavities: Swollen gums create space pockets between the teeth which help bacteria grow resulting in cavities.