Single sitting dental implant
Single sitting dental implant is a very tricky procedure and can only be performed by highly skilled doctors. The procedure involves three steps:
- Removing the tooth while making sure that the socket is not damaged and is strong enough to hold the implant.
- Implanting the anchor in the exact position at the precise angle so that it remains fixed and does not move in its place. Gradually, over the following months, the anchor will fuse with the jaw bone.
- The crown is then cemented on the top of the implanted metal. It is crucial for the success of the implant that the new tooth is kept safe from biting or other kinds of forces. Sometimes, a temporary crown might be used until the implant sets in and then it will be replaced by a permanent crown.
If done correctly, it saves you from the hassle of multiple visits to the dentist and from multiple surgical interventions.
One stage dental implant
One stage dental implant is less surgical and hence involves less pain and less risk of infection. But it requires more care. The strength of the implanted tooth will comparatively be less. This is why, doctors suggest one stage dental implant for smaller teeth. Its cosmetic look is also better; hence, it suits for front teeth.
Procedure: During a one stage dental implant, a flap is cut where the tooth is missing to expose the bone. The implant anchor is drilled into the jaw bone and a healing cap (which protects the area until the crown is placed) is placed on the top of it. The flaps are then sutured back. After sometime, when the flap is healed and the implant is held tight in your jaw, the healing cap is removed. A post is screwed on the anchor and a crown is cemented over it.
Two stage dental implant
A two stage dental implant results in a stronger tooth and a one stage dental implant. But it requires two surgeries. The healing time is also high. However, statistically, it shows more success rates.
Procedure: For a two stage dental implant, a flap of gum at the missing tooth area is removed. The jaw bone is drilled and an implant anchor is place in it. The opening of the implant is covered with a small covering screw. The flap is sutured into place. After the area heals, the flap is again removed and so is the covering screw. The opening is then covered with a healing cap. The gum tissues are replaced in their position and suture. After the area heals, the cap is replaced by the implant post and a dental crown is cemented over it.
Pterygoid and zygomatic dental implant
Pterygoid and zygomatic implants are higher levels of implants which can be performed when all the mandibular teeth are present. Pterygoid plate is a bone over your upper jaw and zygomatic bone is nothing but your cheekbone. So, pterygoid implant can be done for teeth in your upper jaw and zygomatic implant can be done for teeth in your lower jaw. When a tooth is implanted through these bones, the support of the tooth becomes very strong and the crown can be placed within 3 days.
Pterygoid and zygomatic implants is a part of maxillofacial treatment and is an advancement in dental implant technology in the sense that it eliminates the requirement of sinus lifting. This is because, these bones don’t suffer from resorption i.e. they don’t lose bone density.